Why did Jesus die? According to many, Jesus died to deliver us from a God who was angry at our sin and needed to pour out judgment upon it. According to this idea, Jesus substituted Himself for us, so that He bore the punishment of God instead of us. This is one of the central truths in the ‘Penal Substitutionary’ theory of the atonement. But I do not think that Jesus died to appease God. Jesus died to cleanse us from sin, and deliver us from its power.